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  CSPAN    Tonight From Washington    News/Business. News.  

    January 14, 2013
    8:30 - 11:00pm EST  

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amendment and shall be considered as read. the rule all points of order in the nature of a substitute. rule makes an order to part b of the amendment, the rule weighs all points of order against the amendment, provides that after the disposition of the amendment, the chair shall put the question on the amendment in the nature or the substitute printed in part a. the rule provides if the amendment in the nature of a substitute principled in part a is not adopted the committee as a -- if the amend in the nature of a substitute is accommodated the amendment the nature of a substitute shad shall be considered as the original bill for the purpose of further amendment. makes an order the -- the rule provides at the conclusion of consideration of the amendments, report the boil the house with
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such amendments as may have been adopted. any member may demand a separate vote on the house and any amendment accommodated by the committee to the bill in the nature of a substitute in part a or amendment number 1 in part c. the rule provides each such amendment in part b and part c of the report may be offered only by a member designated in the report, shall be considered as read, shall be debatable for the time specified in the report, equally dividing control by the proponent. the rule provides one motion to recommit with or without instruction. following the rule directs the clerk to add the text of 219 as housed be the house as a new matter at the end of hr152.
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conform the title of hr152 to conform the text of hr219 as passed by the house, assign appropriate designations and provisions for short titles within. >> i thank the gentlemen. any discussion or amendment the rule? >> yes. >> gentlemen d. >> i have a question, mr. chairman, just for clarification, am i understand the loomis amendment that requires a waiver because of rule 21, which is legislating under the propses bill? >> thank you very much. i'd like too yield if i can to the gentleman from oklahoma. >> the gentleman is correct. it does provide for a waiver of prohibit base on legislating on appropriations measure for one amendment beyond the base text, the mulvaney amendment. this is consistent with past
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practice where we will provide a waiver for an offsetting amendment to a bill with an emergency designation that violates clause 2. in 2009 we provided a waiver to the offsetting amendment. more than 40 other amendments debated by democrats and run rudses required waivers because they changed policy as the commit reys bipartisan tradition we did not provide waivers for those amendments. >> i appreciate the explanation, this is a new precedent. i hope there's some flexibility when the democrats have amendments that may require similar waivers, that we be given the same courtesy. mr. chairman, i have an amendment, one amendment, that is i move the committee make an order and give the necessary waivers for mr. tierney's amendment. that i cosponsored, number 48, which increases the emergency funding for fishery disaster i
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assistance and removes amounts not for sandy relief. >> further discussion, although in favor, aye. >> aye. >> i would ask for the clerk to report. >> miss fox. >> no. >> mr. bishop. >> no. >> mr. coll? >> no mr. woodal? >> no. >> mr. webster, mr. webster, no. jayce rob,. >> host: foreclosure mr. burgess, no. >> ms. slatter. >> aye. >> mr. become governing. >> aye. >> mr. hastings. >> aye. >> mr. poll. >> aye. >> mr. chairman? >> chairman no. for yea's, nine's. the amendment is not agreed to. the gentleman is wreck wreck d recognized.
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>> mr. chairman i make the move that -- number 73 would provide $125 million toward the emergency watershed protection program. >> is there further discussion? >> vote now be on the amendment say aye. >> aye. >> no. >> no. >> amendment is not agreed to. >> mr. chair, i question a -- >> we ask the clerk to ask for a roll call. >> miss fix. >> no. >> mr. bishop, no. >> mr. kole? >> mr. wood annual no. >> mr. knew gent. >> no. >> mr. webster? no. miss hoytman, no. >> mr. burgess. >> no. >> miss fodder, aye. >> mr. mcgovern. >> aye. >> mr. hays'ings. >> aye. >> mr. poleis. >> aye, mr. came? injury know. clerk will report, four yea's,
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nine nays. the amendment is not agreed to. we now move to the motions made be the advice chairman of the committee. toness favor say aye. >> aye. >> those opposed, no. the amendment passes, and we would go ahead and recognize mr. coll will be happening this rule on the floor and the gentlewoman would be mrs. slater who would be handling that. i do not expect any further business that the rules committee will be making this week, and will stay in touch as you and i do about further -- any further time we would meet, and show to committee is now in recess. adjourned. [inaudible conversations]
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[inaudible conversations] [inaudible conversations] >> the house rules committee is done for the day. after the debate on hurricane sack direlief funding, setting guidelines for tomorrow's house floor debate on the measure. the house will start on the bill at noon eastern on c-span. [inaudible conversations] s.
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>> coming up tonight on c-span2, the community indicators features a discussion on technology and innovation. the los angeles mayor, antonio villaraigosa talks about his push for comprehensive immigration reform, and later, arizona governor jan brewer delivers her state of the state address. >> there's a new ebook on the market called how the technology can fix the budget and establish obama's legacy. the co-authors are both fcc officials. reed hundt in the clinton administration, and blair levin spent time there as the national broadband plan. gentlemen, thanks for being here. mr. hundt. your book's subtitle. how can technology fix the budget and help us over the
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so-called fiscal cliff. >> guest: that is the subtitle and it's a bit of a mouthful. the fundamental idea here is if you spend time in silicon valley, spend time in detroit where the automobile industry is being rebuilt. you spend time outside the beltway you see that america has the potential to generate abundance for its own citizens and for the world. you spend time only inside the beltway it looks like a zero sum game, looks like lose/lose and who is going to lose the most is the gist of the negotiations. so what we tried to say in the book, what are the lessons of the technology sector, that comes from the optimism in the technology sector and how they can give us ideas we can pass into law here in washington, dc. >> host: you talk about two different platforms in your book. what are those platforms? >> guest: the basic idea is how do we drive abundance by looking at areas where -- that can
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absorb private capital, where private capital wants to go into, where government has appropriate levers and can drive productivity throughout the entire economy, the two we're focused on are what we call the power platform, the energy grid needs to be redone, and the knowledge platform. we don't -- we need to do some work on the networks, which is to say broadband, but it's really about how do we apply it? how do we deliver band width that can change education, change health care, change all government services, we get faster, cheaper, better, the same phenomenon on our phones and in our networks, we want to see in public goods and services like education and health care. >> host: mr. levin, how important is speed when it comes to improving our economy? >> guest: depends on a variety of different uses. for example in medicine, we're
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now moving to a place where we can have wireless sensors improve medicine and that's great. but business uses and other thing things, cameras, geneomic medicine, there's faster networks, president clinton was was dell and he said we can't expect our businesses to compete internationally if they only have access the speed of korea, and he is absolutely right. >> reed hundt, energy is included in your book on technology. why? >> guest: to quote the smashing pumpkins, we all know what we're after, we just have to get there faster. we all know we need a clean energy economy, where it's really, really cheap to buy the energy and where the energy that you're buying is not polluting the atmosphere. not causing a greenhouse gasses that are driving up the temperature and producing droughts and is not producing a number of other health-related effects from air pollution.
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we all know this. we know what we're after. how we're going to get there? the way we discovered in the book is, it's pretty simple. could you have the federal government buy all the new things that are necessary and then give them away? not practical. not going to happen. we don't have that kind of capability in the federal government to add the deficit. so you have to open the door to private investment to do this job of rebuilding the power platform in the united states. >> host: and the technology aspect of that is? >> guest: technology aspect is manifold. and price performance improves every 18-24 mocks. in the last year we have gotten into the innovation cycle in batteries so by the end of 2020 electric vehicles will actually be price competitive with grass-driven cars. the problem with these things is that we can't wait.
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we can't wait because of the environmental effects and we can't wait because we need the economy to grow quickly right now. so the book lays out a whole bunch of different ideas for bringing private investment much more quickly into the job of rebuilding the power grid. >> host: on this show, a series on the international power plant, and he doesn't necessarily agree that the internet is completely green or is terribly green. what is your thought? >> guest: he is right about that. people say that data centers in the united states account for 2% of all electricity consumption. if it isn't exactly that number it certainly is the biggest single new element of demand in the whole electricity area. and where do they put data centers? putting them in finland or canada or on the shores of major rivers because they want the atmosphere to be really cold and
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they want the electricity to be really, really cheap. they're trying to deal with the engineering demands of dataer ins. these are stop gap solutions. we need a clean energy platform that includes, as the president often say, all of the above, lots more natural gas, lots and lots more solar, more wind, better transmission systems. here's the beauty. it all will require a trillion dollars of private investment and because of technological breakthroughs and new financing ideas the electricity at the other end of the change will actually be lower priced than electricity today. >> guest: when we started the national broadband time, we start width the question, what are some key problems that could be potholes in the information highway? what are some things to worry about? one of the interesting things i didn't anticipate was a number of companies that really wanted to deliver great connectivity
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and great application. they're worried about the problem, about the amount of power it takes to run these data centers. turn out that was beyond the scope of the broadband plan, but it's a concern of everybody. so we need to do something -- things like what rita is working on over the years, to enable us, but the other point is, it is green to deliver goods and services using band width and chips instead of atoms. so there's a lot of thingness the economy where we know this where is the economy is going. we want to do it faster, but we also want to do it in a sustainable way, and the united states should want to lead in how we do that. >> mr. levin in the politics of abundance, there are several instances where you say the president could act on his own without congressional approval. what are some of those instances? >> guest: well, we lay out, for example, in the area of education, we -- i think the
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secretary of education has done great job of laying the foundation and now it's a question of how to accelerate it. certain things where the president works with the department of education could, for example, create a data exchange system which allows to us digitize and personalize education, very similar kind of thing in healthcare. so all kinds of different things the president using executive authority as in fact they have laid the foundation for already, could act to really accelerate that movement toward the digital platform. >> host: where does congress come in. >> in. >> guest: in a number of places. we lay out four traits we thing congress should take part in. i'll mention one related to broadband. there is a high-tech ceo that suggested they're a trillion dollars of savings if the
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government moves all its business and services to the digital platform. we propose a base-closing like commission where are you get the ceos in the room, make them look at those problems and have very specific solutions, and then basically get congress an up or down vote on what to do. there's didn't in order to do that you have to be able to use the savings in the up years to buy new equipment which is more efficient and things like that. we need to make sure that everyone in the country is online. if we're going to move all the services to the digital platform, which we want to do we can't leave anybody behind. so that's one where congressional authority is necessary. but there are some others. >> guest: some other examples. let's take corporate tax. it seems likely there will be a year long debate about corporate taxation here in washington in 2013. most businesses are global in some respect. not all but most big businesses
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for sure. if you're a big business and you look over to champion you'll -- over to china, you'll see promises to have 15% corporate income tax rate. you come the united states, you have no predictable, don't know what it is, and the current rate is much, much higher than that. we need reforms that say to businesses, we want you to invest here in the united states. while we're having this big debate about corporate tax reform, let's include in it specific reforms for the energy sector that in fact are designed to attract a maximum amount of new investment to build a clean energy platform let's have it by a subpart of the corporate tax reform debate. another example? the carbon tax. the carbon tax is a broad-based tax that does not in fact have to have a big impact on consumers. it could be placed on electric utilities, something they avoid by moving to clean energy so they don't have to pay it.
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but if we had the carbon tax it would help close the deficit and would be a stimulus the utilities to move to clean argue. that's the second idea. the third, many states now are following the lead of connecticut, the first state to have the state green bank that couples with the private sector in finances for solar or electric utility grid rebuilds or energy efficiency members. let's have the federal government loan money to state green banks at the extraordinarily low rate. these are a handful of different ways to provide the financing support and the tax policy support for massive private investment. >> host: are we going achieve some of the goals in the politics of abundance, what the role of the sec.
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the sec can take the lead on a handful of topics and should provide policy ideas that congress and the executive branch will need to work out together. an example would be of what the fcc can do it can reform the erate, the program we were involved in, back in the 90s, so that the things that school districts buy under the erate are closer in description to modern technology and are really not just the old things that aren't as efficient as the modern technologies permit. >> host: in your book, you spend quite a bit of time comparing today to the clinton-gore era, and what occurred in the '90s, what worked. >> guest: what worked was that there was this massive private investment starting really in the middle of the decade, that, to a surprising degree, drove plus -- surpluses in the federal
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budget, and george will pointed out it was really the internet that drove that wonderful period where we weren't arguing about falling off a fiscal cliff. rather we are were arguing about what to do with the surplus. >> guest: i think that lesson is a lesson you can see at other pointness history. wherever you have economic growth, it's often due to the fact there's a technological change going on. so we had railroads, we had steel, we had cars. what was great about the '90s, in part because i think some of the policies we adopted were really -- there was a wonderful consensus in the federal government about the deregulation of the telecommunications sector that worked extremely well. there was an underring that's was a sector that could help drive growth, and the lessons is about how we unleash private investment. get rid of the tried may have made sense 20 for years ago but don't make sense now, and
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how do we deliver public goods and services bet for all americans, and that was what real -- asking that question of each other is what led us to write this book. >> host: given what you just said, and what is your take on what the itu is doing right now? when it come 0s to the worldwide internet? >> guest: the itu just finished their work. i can't say i've had an opportunity to eexaminer examine it in detail or have a chance to talk to a lot of friend who were over there. i certainly like a lot of other americans, am very worried about countries that believe that what we need to do is regulate the internet more or have countries simply suppressing both the expressions of speech as well as the economics of what the internet can be. there are certain countries that want to protect certain industries and have ideas in mind to do that. so, i would put myself as kind of nervous about that. i think we ought to be moving in
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the direction which is more about openness and economic growth and the free expression of ideas. >> host: reed hundt, when it comes to the internet and politics of abundance, your book, there's a real role for government. is that fair to say. >> guest: absolutely. let's talk about the power grid for a second. there's one thing we don't know how to change. you can have a wireless industry in communications but when you talk about wireless in electricity, that is caught lightning. it is dangerous. it is not a consumer productment you have to recognize in the electric grid that there's a local distribution network, those lines that go up and down the street and reach your house, and they need to be owned by a company, and that company needs to invest to keep the trees from falling on the lines and to repair them and deal with health and safety issues. so we have to have that be the pivot point and not say that
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isn't important. but around that you can move to a clean energy platform. there are more than 100 million buildings in the united states on average, we ought to be having $10,000 of investment for every one of the 100 million buildings to have it be they consume less electricity and get the same heating and lighting and air conditioning. there are about six million businesses in the united states, many of them, millions of them, ought to be able to have solar power on their roofs to provide their own electricity, because many of them have flat-roofed buildings. warehouses, buildings in a strip mall. grocery stores. all should have solar par on the roofs. even in cold, gray states in the far north, solar power can provide up to 15% of the electricity with appropriate financing at prices that are at or below the levels that exist
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today. so these changes around the electric grid are really easily possible if we just change the regulatory policies, change the financing policies. we don't have to have a massive overhaul. we don't have to have a nationalization of businesses. we just have to open the door by some regulatory measures and deregulatory measures to what we can reasonably estimate to be train dollars of private investment. >> guest: in history they're always a role for government when you see these growth we're looking for. exactly 150 years ago the congress passed three laws which i think if you consider how america became a leader in the world's economy it goes back to those three laws. the transcontinental railroad act. the act which created the public universities and the homestead act. he took assets which were underutilized in terms of land and human capital and find a way to utilize them, and that's the
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inspiration for the kinds of things we're talking about. how do we leverage what we have some which is so many great assets to have another generation of american economic leadership. >> host: how ubiquitous is broadband in the u.s. right now. >> guest: we found that by a current definition -- it's always a moving target -- there's seven million homes which represent 5% of the american homes without access. we can actually solve 80% of that problem relatively easily with kind of -- there are some changes, the fcc made changes that are going to accelerate that. that doesn't solve a couple of problems. number one, doesn't solve how to have lead economic lead leadership. we can't sit on our laurels. so how do we have a constantly
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improving ecosystem and there are ideas in the book. i also think in the long run those won't be fast enough. so one of the things we propose in the book, kind of a race to the top for technologies that we use the asset that rural has, which is spectrum. there's a lot of extra spectrum in rural america to try to get to the speeds that are more similar to what urban folks benefit from. >> reed hundt, you were the fcc commissioner who oversaw the first spectrum auction. >> guest: that's true. >> host: do they need to be more focused? >> guest: i don't think so. i have to admit my friends are running these auctions, and i think they're already doing a great job. no, i think that they don't need to be more focused. the idea of the auction, blair put in the national broadband plan, it has drawn bipartisan support. you have to be a theorist as
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opposed to a lawyer to understand the intricacies. but this is an example of how it's not that difficult to have really big, profound change, once you really focus on it. what's the big change here? there are an awful lot of over the air broadcast signals that really are reaching almost no one, from stations that have almost no audience and would be just as happy to be on cable tv. that spectrum should be used for smartphones. the change from the one to the other is tricky, to be fair to everybody involved. it's tricky. you have to strike a balance, but to change conceptually is simple, and when it happens you will see -- this is in blair's plan -- you'll see tens of millions of dollars of new private sector investment. the technology created the potential. folks in government have to figure out how to open to door,
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sometimes you do need a big key and you need to figure out some tough combinations of the locks, but if you can just make those changes, the invest will power into the new opportunity. >> host: we're talking with former fcc chairman reed hundt and broadband plan director, blair levin, how technology can fix the budget. one of the examples you put in your book is what is happening right now in kansas city with google. are you supportive of that project? how did that project play into the politics of abundance. ...
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>> we will have to have faster and cheaper broadband we want to be at the forefront of the next generations innovations. >> host: what is your job? >> guest: i work at the acton institute, but i also work on projects projects. google did a great thing for this country when they said that they would like to apply to us. and then 1100 communities apply. that doesn't mean that all the citizens need the great innovations at this time, but we want to have him come to our community. one company is not enough. we need 10 or maybe 20 and which
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community was most likely to embrace the university. that is what i spend most of my time doing. >> host: is it economically feasible to do that nationwide? >> guest: well, i'm not sure [inaudible]
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>> coalition for green capital designs green banks for states that want to do that. and i am in charge of thinking of the events that are adequate to bring their children home to see their mom and dad. >> host: you are doing a great job of that. >> guest: thank you. >> host: you were the first sec commissioner to actually have a computer on his or her desk. >> guest: well, that is true. i am the first to have made a cell phone call to alaska. the first to have engaged in a lot of these things that are so familiar now that most people cannot believe that the world ever did in this particular way. when we think about the '90s, we are really proud of in the 1990s, everyone on every rung of the income ladder did better.
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everyone had income growth. the unemployment rate was at a record low. the best thing was that young people were filled with a sense of opportunity and if we could just have that be re-created, that everyone would feel this is a glorious world and i can make an impact and be the hero of my own life. if we could get that, then america and its future will be boundless. >> host: when you look 10 years down the road, what you see in the technology world? >> guest: i am a huge optimist. ten years down the road i think that we will have a substantially clean energy platform in the united states. electricity will be cheaper and not more expensive. ten years down the road, we will have seen about 500 to $600 billion of new private investment that has created a million to 2 million new jobs. i see inventions solar power and
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the design of wind turbines and in the transmission technologies that are -- they are actually right there. they are not visible in the commercial world that they will be down the road. possibly 10 years on the road or faster. climate change is real and dangerous enough that we can't wait for the 10 here for these things. we need to start the mall tomorrow. >> host: very quickly, same question, and tell us about the book that is available. >> guest: every child has to have a much better education. teachers will have tools to
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personalize. the same thing with medicine. they can personalize and doctors can have good relationships and the patients can have access to their care. so i'm very excited about that. again, i think that america needs to focus and do so now. the book is available on amazon.com. it is an e-book as well as some other great e-sites so it as well. we need to get ideas about how we grow and how we create a good future into the next generation of because i know you will. >> host: "the politics of abundance" how politics fix the budget and establish obama's
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legacy. this is about "communicators" on c-span. >> coming up next is los angeles mayor antonio villaraigosa and he talks about his push for immigration reform. then jan brewer delivers her state of the state address of arizona. and ben bernanke discusses economic issues at the university of michigan. >> tomorrow morning on "washington journal", we will have a member of the budget and armed services committee and he will talk about his gop colleagues and went is being called a conservative case more revenue. we will also talk with matthew cartwright, a member of the oversight and government reform committee. "washington journal" is live on c-span every day at 7:00 a.m. eastern.
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>> next monday c-span is yours. we are your front row seat for the inaugural ceremony of president obama. we will cover other festivities including the afternoon parade. throughout the day, we will take your phone calls and comments and facebook and twitter feedback. live coverage starts at 7:00 a.m. eastern on c-span, c-span radio, and c-span.org. >> student camera video entries with your message the president are now due. to them and let us pray for your chance at the grand prize of $5000. there are $50,000 in total prizes. for more details, go to studentcam.org. >> now mayor antonio villaraigosa talks about his push for immigration reform. he spoke at the national press
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club in washington dc. mayor antonio villaraigosa addressed the defense budget, president obama's cabinet picks, and his political future. this is one hour. >> good afternoon and welcome to the national press club. my name is theresa werner and i am 105th president of the national press club. that we are the world leading organization for journalists, committed to our profession's future and programming an event such as this are fostering a free press worldwide. for more information about the national press club, please visit our website at to be ww.press.org. to donate to programs offered to the public for national press club institute, please visit press.org/institute. on behalf of our members worldwide, i would like to
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welcome our speaker and those attending today's event. our head table includes guest of our speakers as well as working journalist for club members. and if you hear applause in the audience, please note that members of the general public are attending and so is not necessarily evidence of objectivity. i would also like to offer to welcome our public audiences and are c-span audience. we have a weekly podcast available on itunes. you can also all the action on twitter, using a hash tag. after our guests conclude, we will have a q&a in alaska's many questions as time permits. i would like to now introduce our head table guests, and i have asked each of you who's to is your name is announced. from the right, patrick mcgrath,
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national press club board of members. richard simons from the "los angeles times", president and ceo and guest of the speaker. alison fitzgerald, speaker committee chair and freelance journalist. i will skip our speaker for just a moment. bob wiener, president of the robert wiener associate news, public affairs and issue strategies and he helped organize today's event. after sanchez, chair of the national hispanic leadership agenda and guest of the speaker.
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jeff al jazeera, governor elect, national press club speaker committee member who organized today's event. and michelle who is a national spokesperson of hispanic journalists. until yesterday. [applause] before becoming the mayor of los angeles, the 41st mayor, during his youth he became a farmworker volunteer and activist leading student walkout. this led him on the path taking him state assembly. also city hall and the inner circle of the democratic national committee, where he chaired the 2012 convention in charlotte. regarding the topic of immigration, mayor antonio villaraigosa has said that the time is now to pass
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comprehensive immigration reform. he has slammed congress for doing nothing on the issue. yet on sunday on face the nation he said he was heartened that republican senator john mccain and others have been discussing solutions. given the country's current fiscal fights, is it realistic to expect immigration anytime soon so how does the mayor feel about local immigration initiatives? well, immigration is not the only topic on the mayor's agenda. he has been discussing gun control, the economy, and many other matters. some have taken notice of his travel to latin america and some are asking whether his position
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in the obama and administration will be part of his future. please join me in welcoming the mayor of los angeles, antonio villaraigosa. [applause] >> thank you for that lovely introduction. thank you for inviting me here today to the national press club. before i start, i grew up in a home where we are used to serving ourselves. so where ever i am serve, i always like to thank our servers. i would like to give them a big hand. [applause] i would like to particularly thank the members of the press club for this opportunity to speak i am honored to be here at this public deliberation.
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my final term as mayor in los angeles will come to a close in less than six months. with each passing week i take another stab toward what one would call a transition from who's who to wiki. [laughter] now, the sun may be setting on my administration. but i am not riding off into the sunset just yet. the agenda is still packed with challenges and many of those pressing challenges will demand action. top among them is immigration reform. there are a few more fundamental questions that we face than who we welcome to our shores, how we secure our borders, but we do to include the millions of undocumented men and women who work hard and do the hardest work. and how we keep them safely
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together with their 5 million citizen children and nearly 2000 -- excuse me, 2 million dreamers who know no other country but this one. these questions go straight to the heart of who we are as a people. our bedrock rights and responsibilities. strong passions on all sides. ladies and gentlemen, it's time that we gave clear and consistent answers to these most basic questions. now is the time for real immigration reform. comprehensive immigration reform. commonsense reform. we need to respect immigrants
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who come here in search of nothing else and nothing more than a better life. it strikes a deeply personal chord with me. the heart of one of my proudest moments in an angeleno and a human being, in march of 2006, 1 million people marched to los angeles city hall. on that historic day, 1 million people threw off the yoke of suspicion and fear and stepped out of the shadows. mothers and fathers, grandma and grandpa, people who were humble. those who are tired of being scapegoated inhering catcalls that were the cause of all the countries problems and being told to go home and go back where you come from. they marched because they had a
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message. they wanted a response from me, the mayor. many on my staff said do not go out there. do not do it. in less than a year, your job is to fix potholes, we've immigration to the press. but when 1 million people marched to your front steps, they deserve a welcome. here is what i said. i said that i don't see illegal here. that one got me into a little bit of trouble, but sometimes you have to say figuratively before it becomes true. no human being is illegal. no human being should be illegal. it must be enshrined into the country's immigration policy. that is our moral imperative. that is our political challenge.
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2013 is our time. when we fix our broken immigration system, we will restore a basic american covenant. that we are a nation of immigrants. clean distinction for our long history of welcoming people from all four corners of the earth to our site. this history is a source of national pride. the source of national profit. think about it. immigrants and their children started a full 40% of fortune 500 companies. these companies are the powerhouses of our economy and have combined revenues of $4.2 trillion. that is bigger than every
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country in the united states except for china and japan. we are a beacon of freedom and opportunity the world over. we have a social contract of these significant sort. we have always said if you apply yourself and you work hard, if you join and participate in american society, doors will be open. you can achieve a sense of security and prosperity, and above all else, didn't he. not only for yourself, but for your children. hard work and loyalty and we promise to give immigrants a glimpse on the latter to provide access to education and resources and to chart the path that is transparent and fair. unfortunately, we have lost
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touch tradition of openness and opportunity. the last two decades we have not kept our side of the bargain and we have created an immigration system that is short on opportunity. system were states compete with one another to draft more immigrant legislation. a system that capitalizes on men and women and then refuses to extend the rights and privileges that most of us take for granted. in november, americans faced a fundamental choice. a choice between keeping our broken system and reviving our
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immigration compact. the american people made the right decision. he rejected a policy based upon fear and they embraced the hopes and dreams of people like this. they are not citizens, they are dreamers. anthony is with us in the audience today. he came to the united states of america from the philippines when he was 12 years old. he worked hard and excel. they made us proud. their hearts overflow with a passionate desire to give back to the place they call home. anthony's determined to let the world know that there are many asian pacific islander dreamers out there. he worked educating them and inspiring them with their voices and be heard.
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he's a patriotic person to the bone. his dream is to join the military and to stand tall. he wants to fight the country that has given him so much. this has been his goal since he was a kid. when president obama stopped the deportation of eligible youth last year, he opened the door of opportunity for young people and he pointed the way forward by establishing important principles to guide immigration reform. immigrants must take personal responsibility for their actions. if they do this, we must provide a meaningful path forward to become members of american society. we have every right to protect our borders but we must balance
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this with the need to encourage the aspiration of america's immigrants. these are the principles of the american people threw their support behind in november. these are the principles that guide immigration reform in the coming months. with these principles in mind, we need reform builds upon the following policy pillars. a pathway to legal permanent residents in three and citizenship for the 11 million undocumented immigrants must be at the core of reform. number two is legalization should be earned. it should be a process and not a punishment proof of english-language skills and the payment of back taxes. number three, unification should
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continue to key priorities of our immigration policy. the goal must be to protect the sanctity of the family. keeping families together not only keeps capital in the united states, but also maximizes the human potential. immigrants start families businesses and grow the economy. despite the economic benefits and moral imperatives, millions wait over two decades to be reunited with family members. this must change. the hard work hard-working challenge of immigrants fuels the economy. our immigration policy must expand the avenues for these valued workers seek legal employment. the president has suggested they put a green card to the diplomas
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of seniors getting advanced degrees in science and technology and engineering and math. we need to expand the program, and at the same time, we need effective visa programs and on skilled seasonal workers as well. number five, immigration reform must include an effective and efficient verification system. such a system can and must prevent unlawful employment and one of those employers and employees play by the rules and protect america's fundamental rights and we must protect our border through smart enforcement. now, according to the migration policy institute, immigration enforcement takes share of federal law enforcement spending. today it did not undocumented migration is at or below zero. but we must realize that we will not meet our immigration
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challenge through the enforcement alone. the goal of our immigration enforcement policy should be to remove real threats to our borders and inside our country. we should report serious offenders and we should not deport people who have a lack of papers is there serious crime. we wrote the trust between law enforcement and immigrant community. we need to provide love and protection and enforcing law. almost three fourths of those deported have no serious own convictions. so it must be part of the overall reform of the immigration policy. he put an end to the practice of reporting on serious criminals. neighborhoods will be safer and our families will be more
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secure. this is an ambitious agenda and immigration reform cannot wait another political season. we are already hearing the voices of those who did not learn the lessons of november who have children to ignore them. this is not right here, they say. the agenda is too crowded, they caution. you've even heard it argued that immigration reform should be hunted again. well, washington should be able to walk and chew gum at the same time. congress is capable of enacting responsible gun safety legislation and comprehensive immigration reform. [applause] is not the fault of the full faith and credit of the united states of america. other voices are calling for a
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peaceful approach. we are advocating residency. we are advocating a form of highly skilled and instead of balancing enforcement of immigration, they are calling for us to double down on the policy of widespread deportation. now, the time for half measures and one-sided approach is over. the bottom line is this -- there can be no second-class citizens in the united states of america. [applause] does not just make moral sense. it makes economic sense. the los angeles chamber of commerce notes that when the head of the household becomes a
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citizen, family income rises almost 14%. according to the center for american progress, we legalize the undocumented immigrants here in the united states and we give them $1.5 trillion shot in the arm of the next decade. the federal government would receive $4.5 billion in tax revenue in just three years. we knew that creating a path towards citizenship would also help us create a path away from the fiscal cliff. so let's make 2013 the year. immigrants don't deserve half the handshake. they deserve a full embrace. once a land of opportunity for some should be a land of opportunity for all. we come from different backgrounds. we may speak different languages and worship in different ways. but all this are pursuing the same american dream. it is a dream about my
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grandfather mexico a century ago. he had little money and an unshakable faith in the relationship between hard-working awards. he left mexico because the country was too divided. it was just rich and poor. grandfather did not believe that birth was justin. he believed that where you were born should not determine where you end up. that is why he came to america. let us raise our voices and bring a message of hope and promise to our fellow americans. let us achieve immigration reform that honors their country's comments. the founding promise. promise of liberty and justice for all. thank you very much.
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[applause] >> do you think republicans who are pro-immigrant, such as marco rubio, will find success in convincing their colleagues to agree with legislation that offers a pathway to citizenship of the eight to 12 million undocumented immigrants? >> i certainly hope so. i believe that we need comprehensive immigration reform. but as i said, we need a full path to citizenship. i know senator don't senator rubio has talked about for pieces of legislation. we don't want that to be an excuse for not doing something about conference of immigration. that means a pathway that they meet the requirement that i have outlined and i would hope that there is bipartisan support for that notion.
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i was with face the nation yesterday with senator mccain in passing he said to me he expected we would see real reform on this issue and he is one of eight senators that have come together working on this issue. my hope is that we will have a bipartisan solution. we should not be a democratic issue or republican or a it should be one of the get behind. it conforms with our values and also the need for infusing our economy. >> critics cite that after concessions are made, it increases. will that happen again this time? >> future immigration is an issue that will have to be addressed this time around.
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one way to address it would be with the issue of addressing the social security card that cannot be counterfeit. making sure that employers are not hiring and exploiting these people. and making sure that countries in the western hemisphere are realistic. we share a border with mexico. latin america is in our hemisphere. the fact of the matter is that people from that part of the world have come here and continue to come here. so we need to be realistic in addressing that in addressing the need for smarter and more realistic figures for this part of the hemisphere. >> because of their election defeat in november, in which
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many voted for democrats, do you believe the republicans are generally interested in the bipartisan immigration reform? >> you know, i obviously was a circuit president campaign. i am here and mayors may come with party labels and we tend not to be is orthodox. we tend not to be as ontological, and we are certainly not his counterparts are in the state capital. so i will say i hope there is bipartisan support and i believe that there will be bipartisan support. he mentioned that the election
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had something to do with us and there is no question. 74% of latinos voted against the republican party and nominees. 74% of them. i have never seen asians vote in that number against republicans. possibly have to believe it has something to do with all the scapegoating and the name-calling and the vitriolic nature of the immigration debate, particularly in the republican primary. there is not a nation in the world that has ever get deported and that many people when he continually talk about the border with mexico, you're not acknowledging that 30% of the undocumented do not come from latin america. they come from other places. so i'm hoping that the election
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-- the election is one of the reasons why. why there will be bipartisan support. i hope that another reason will be that people realize that this kind of debate does not conform with our values. we are into effect. so yes, i do expect that something is going to happen. >> republicans have insisted the completion of other forms of border enforcement must come before the support of immigration reform. what do you think and how can you change your mind on that? >> i think and i know -- and the congress and in particularly the house, the facts don't seem to matter on a lot of issues to but when the migration policy institute has documented that we
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have -- you realize that we spend 27% more for border enforcement than we do for the atf and other federal law enforcement agencies. at some point, we have to acknowledge that we have deported more people than any time before. we have to acknowledge that the time is now the balanced approach that includes a pathway for citizenship but keeps families together and addresses the other point that i have mentioned as well. >> and the coalition of blacks and latinos and single women sustain the campaign? in other words, are we looking at the electoral landscape was the november when the result of
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a savvy campaign strategy? >> i'd like to pump out one for second. i don't want to talk about the campaigns as much. i think that what we saw is a shift in the electorate. the republicans don't go to the center and they continue to be dominated by the far right, you're going to see them lose more market share. young people and blacks and latinos and asians. at some point, you know, i prefer focusing on immigration. >> will rule as the caucuses
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need to play in immigration reform and how can they become more effective this time than in the past? >> i think we need to play a leading role. i would not just attribute this to the democratic war. they are good republicans of european descent who understand the broken immigration system performs with our values as americans. i think they should play a lead role. i think it is important to tell the story of the many faces of the undocumented. they come from canada as well. they come from britain. they come from europe. they do not just come from a country. fact is that it would be an important rule for those caucuses to play.
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we need to share the many faces of immigrants including the undocumented in our nation. >> you believe that the 1965 immigration reform law that ended more than european preference is expanding in america? >> i am not a demographer but i think that the birth rates and the like, i will say that we have to be more realistic with this hemisphere. have families here in some cases decades and decades and even beyond that would seem to me taking that into account has to be something that we put a lot of focus on.
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>> with the upcoming battle on the hill about spending cuts in the gut feeling, what is the likely time for congress to start debating an actual immigration bill, and what is the envy of the republicans don't go for a full package? >> and focusing on the planet. i will say that we do not expect this will just be up to the congress. we have seen in the past, particularly with the do-nothing congress, that they respond to public pressure and i think you will see mayors across the country engage on this issue. i am giving a speech on immigration reform and we already bipartisan organization and we unanimously have passed every year of comprehensive immigration.
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sometimes the best people i have seen get up the about the positives of immigration -- they have talked about their towns being decimated people leaving their towns and the new generation of immigrants are working hard and playing by the rules and send their kids to school and while they may come from a different country and speak another language, they are as part of the town as anyone. so i think you'll see a lot more in pressure from the civil rights organization, the u.s. commerce, u.s. chamber of commerce and tom donahue. it was this weekend, he focus and talked about this issue
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about 10% of my city is undocumented. 42% is foreign-born. the come from every corner of the earth. 140 countries. 220 languages. thirty odd countries where they have the largest population in the united states and los angeles and about 10 of them that have the largest population outside of their country. the second-largest mexican city, second largest and the list goes on. i think you will see mayors and civil rights organizations and labor, and i think you'll see business and the time is now and people recognize that and they congress to be able to unlock at
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the same time. they expect an address this issue about responsible gun legislation. it is an abomination we don't have an assault weapons ban. i am a california author of it entering a speakership, we passed one gun per month bill. we have passed the saturday night special bill and we have been the the best we can in addressing this issue. when you can buy the same assault weapons in arizona and we don't have to toughen up laws for people who legally buy and sell to people who can't, when you don't have universal background checks, and by the way, 40% of all gun sales are between private owners and no universal background check is required. when you don't have the kind of coordination could have it it
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was repealed so that the feds and states can work together to identify people who have guns who shouldn't, the mentally ill and the like -- when you're not doing enough to beef up mental health resources, something is wrong and i do want to add that in addition to immigration reform, responsible gun legislation addressing sequestration in a balanced way and not defaulting on full faith and credit is something that we can see at the top of the u.s. conference of mayors agenda. >> coming back on some of the other issues that you raise said every year you have passed comprehensive immigration reform. the monster group.
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what advice would you give to congress on learning from how you can all manage to get they can't. >> well, they debating society. no, we actually have to run things. it was the 17th largest economy in the world and a metropolitan area. a city of 4 million. but hope that they would realize what i understood why got elected in 1994. values like statesmanship and stability in compromise and getting things done by values that people actually cherish. that didn't mean that we have to my obsessions.
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we understood we got elected to get things done. i think the mayors are much more focused and the advice we give them is that we have a 12% approval rating. there's not much farther down that you could go. it would seem to me that the time is now to come together and to be able to tell a story about a congress that went from do-nothing congress that is getting things done and some of the most important issues of our time and i think that if they do, both parties would benefit and certainly the nation will benefit. i stay say that as someone who believes that both parties need to compromise on all these issues and should understand that people are watching and they expect more. they expect more from folks. >> compromise, do you still feel
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like you are successful when you don't get everything you want comedy feel that you have been successful? >> all the time. when i was speaker of the assembly, i used to say that they got elected, too. world wasn't the world wasn't made in my image. you know? we have to fix things. we have to work on things. that means that you have to compromise. compromise helps you find a balance. i am going to be six years old two weeks from now. well, next week. very soon. i'm looking forward forward to it. i covered the years. one thing that happens over time is the world is a lot greater
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than the fact is that his problems, they are not perfect. you build upon success. my hope is in that all of these issues you will see a lot more in the way of compromise. that's what i call for an that's what we call 41 we sent to democrats and republicans that when you are building bridges and hospitals in kandahar and not in baltimore for kansas city, have to find a middle ground to be able to cut the defense budget that is bigger than the next 11 or 12 nations combined. there is compromise.
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there's a middle ground. there is certainly a path forward on these issues. >> the deficit can only be resolved by increasing taxes and cutting expenses, what expenses would you can't claim. >> i do not believe that we should cut across the board, but we should be so strategically. there is fat in government. we have to find sufficiency and addressed defense. in bridges and roads and highways and schools that will bear dividends down the line. and i have also said, and i am a democrat, and this does not jive
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well with some, but i think we need to get entitlements. you can address entitlement reform and not be for privatizing social security were turning medicare and about your care. there are places like my own city and there are a number of things we can do that do not decimate the safety net if you make the kinds of investments needed. the balanced approach is the only way to deal with deficits at that level that we have in the nation today. it's the only path forward. >> president obama nor congress and the debt ceiling? >> i would hope that it wouldn't
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come to that. but if it has to, then it must. you know, we can't let extremist put us into default and play chicken with the full faith and credit of the united states of america. that's what they are. people talk about this, and i have been watching the last two days -- when i hear that people say let's just go into the fall, i say this person is from another planet. this person is not from this planet are you the notion that we would do that boggles the mind and good common sense of the vast majority of americans. >> what is your perspective on america's melting pot being better reflected in small towns were rural america? what would civic leaders learn from that experience of small-town mayors.
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>> well, i think we are enriched. i know that i am. my kids have grown up and i tell people, you know, my kids have been in the homes of persians and iranians and armenians and koreans and filipinos and mexicans and italians and greeks and jews and muslims and we are enriched. when we experience other cultures and perspectives that enrich us as a nation, i think you are seeing the fastest-growing place that immigration is in some of these small towns across the country. there's little tension from that, sometimes a lot. that over time, well, this is okay, this is going to be good. i understand.
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as a positive sign of where the nation is going. l.a. is a city where the world comes together. it's so true. there aren't very many countries but welcome people from every corner of the earth. it makes us proud. it makes us feel good about ourselves and who we are. can still embrace values and what has made a strong and i think that's what we ought to do. >> in your governor says he may be nearing a deal with state legislative leaders in a broad package of changes to the government that would expand the ban on assault weapons. what's your reaction? >> company, new york.
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i offer the assault weapons ban in california. over time we have realized that there are some loopholes. we will have to address them. we need new york and other states to pass the spans these bands and bringing the country to do it as well. if they don't have stiffer laws, if you don't have databases and criminal background checks that are strong enough to be able to identify who can't get a gun, then, you know, one state doing something is good. it's a step forward, but it's not what we need. comprehensive and federal approach. >> congress is counting on the
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nra? >> that's pretty clear. when you grow up, my friends, if they know the enemy or opponent with it. easy to say no to consistency of the other party but it's tougher to do such a thing. to a supportive. many people say, i don't agree with you, you're wrong on this issue and i think the nra is wrong when they say the answer to a bad guy with a gun is a good guy with a gun. when they say that teachers
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should be carrying guns in the elementary schools. when they say that no new gun legislation is acceptable to them or very that is an extreme position and i would hope that there would be democrat and republican people that put him in the eye and say, i am sorry. i mostly agree with you, but you are wrong. vote against him. you know? i mentioned that i've looked right into the sunset, but not just yet. i still have a few months. i'd like to be able to continue public rights. i would rather be able to look them in the man. at the end, that is what we all
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have to be comfortable with. if you can't look at the man or woman in and a man, if you can't look into yourself and save, i have done good and i have taken on injustice and what is wrong, shouldn't be in this business. >> you think the second amendment is updated? >> yes, it is an amendment to a constitution that is enshrined in the constitution. we have banned machine guns, why shouldn't we be able to ban assault weapons and high-capacity magazines? why shouldn't they have a stronger background check? why shouldn't we have databases for the mentally ill and people who are criminals and should be
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able to buy guns? lies with congress not approving an atf director in seven or eight years? why is that? why did they pass these amendments preventing the feds from keeping a context for longer than 24 hours? why is that a projection of the second second amendment? why do they do that? welcome the fact is because they use the second amendment to defend the unconscionable. to defend what is wrong and defend what does it make sense to the vast majority of us. that is the challenge. after the tragedy and i couldn't see the images of sandy hook and that happened at newtown,
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connecticut, i could hear the mothers. as i heard them speak, it raised goosebumps on your back and arms. you know, their words are kind of like a knife cutting through butter. we all have a responsibility to those children. to become more and more commonplace. he gives a stronger and safer and more responsible thomas. >> said that you don't see yourself writing riding into the sunset right away. are you considering running as governor of california? >> that's a new question. i haven't gotten on before. just joking.
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.. and yesterday i have taken on pension reform. i have had to lay off and furlough thousand of people. i cut the size of the l.a. civilian general work force by a third. 15,000, 10,000. i have required a new pension system for new employees. retiring not at 55 but at 65.
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you know, i've taken -- the issue of education reform and challenged the notion of absolute are seniority and tenure. i know, what it is to take on your friends. and i want to work as hard as i can until the very end, then, you know, we'll see. we'll see what happens. >> the president has been criticized for the lack of diversity in the cab innocent nomination. short of calling for binders full of women and color what should he be doing to -- makeup of the country? >> i know barack obama, i trust him. i know, that our president not only has but will don't promote a cabinet that looks like america that is balanced gender
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wise, that is reflective of the changing face of america. i have no doubt in my mind that when it's all said and cone -- done that will be the case, and this was the guy who signed the -- [inaudible] a man who stood for not only just equal pay for women but always stood for the notion when you open up the door for one you open up the door for all. i expect you'll see that reflection of his values in his cabinet. >> has the white house or any administration surrogate approached you about considering, the next labor secretary or any cabinet secretary for that matter? >> like the cabinet, i mean, like the governor question that has been requested and answered in the past, i'll just say that
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as i said yesterday on -- i expect to be in pennsylvania. -- washington quite frequently over the next few months my work and the issues i mentioned, i can't tell you don't care to comment on any future job i'm focused on the job i've got. and i want to finish as strong as i can on the challenges that we face. you know, my city is -- 1952, 40% drop in violent crime and homicide. a 70% drop since the 1990s. my -- our schools we doubled the number of successful schools of 800 above and rereduce 33% to 10%. we have more charter schools
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than any district in the country. we have increased nine fold the number of successful charters at 800 and above. i partnership schools 22 schools 16,000 schools. the most improved school district in the state if we were a school district on the academic performance index. the high school i took over is the most improved high school. we hit the -- we started at 7% we're at 28% below the levels. i think only london and toronto ahead. we're going keep on working on all the things we started until i'm out of here. then i'm out of here. i've said we'll see what i do, but i know one thing. >> come to a close here in the next few months. based on your last statement that was talking about the successes you had had as mayor. it sounds like a good marketing point for you.
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i want to know if you are asked to serve in the administration, would you do it? after you're finished being mayor? >> when i'm there, i'll answer the question. >> we are almost out of time. before asking the last. i have a couple of housekeeping matters to take care of. i would like to remind you of the upcoming luncheon speaker. we are president and ceo of the motion picture association of america here to speak before the oscars. second i would like to present our guest with the traditional national press club coffee must mug. it will look great on a desk in l.a. or washington. [laughter] last question, in the d.c. area we have liberty promise which is working with hundreds of immigrants youth especially those in need with physics, education and scholarship opportunities for advanced education. what words of encouragement would you offer the immigrant youth in d.c. area to fully
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engage and appreciate the fundamental value and tradition in america? >> reach for the stars and follow your dreams. be the change that you want to see in the world. don't lose this sense of the possible. make sure that you keep the cycle of humanity moving forward by when you get through a door, making sure that someone gets through that door after you. i think those are some of the things i would say to them. >> how about a round of applause fur our speaker today. [applause] thank you for coming.
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i would also like to thank the national press club for organizing the event. here a reminder you can find the information at press.org. thank you. we are adjourned. [inaudible conversations] on washington journal tomorrow morning it will include scott of virginia. a member of the budget and armed service committee. he'll talk about the recent letter to the g.o.p. colleagues making what has been described as conservative case for more revenue. also we'll discuss legislative agenda with the new congress with the pennsylvania democratic representative matthew. a member of the oversight and reform committee. it's live on c-span every day at 7:00 a.m. eastern. tuesday a form looking at lessons learn from mutual disaster. they host three panels on the japan earthquake, the gulf hurricane, and the ongoing drought.
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fema director craig is among the speakers. you can see it live at 8:30 a.m. eastern on our companion networking c-span3. >> talk about it for years. they become his dream and he'd been in droid a few months before and talked about i have a dream, and america will someday realize the principles and decoration of independence. so i think he was just inspired by that moment. >> sunday on after words. he recalls the journey of as is civil rights activist participating on the march of washington.
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arizona's republican governor jan brewer gave her state of the state address monday in phoenix. while the state opted out of setting up health exchanges under the federal health care law it cannot do the same with the med cad expansion. he called on the legislation to improve emergency funding for child protective services case work and simplify the tax code. it's forty minutes. [applause] thank you. thank you very much. thank you.
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thank you. thank you. [applause] speaker, president bigs, honorable senators and represents of the arizona legislature, chief justice buncher and justice of the supreme court, institutional officers, elected leaders, honoredded guest, describable leaders and my fellow arizonans, few decades ago nearly to the day i entered this chamber for the first time as a legislature. i remember it well taking my oath of office, friends and family gathered, issues looming, controversies brewing, new
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members planning, lobbiests scheming, [laughter] for all the change across the thirty years, that much still remains the same. our annual rachel here continues. while i've spent twenty six years seated for addresses like this. it's my fifth time at the lek lek turn. i'm greatful to be blessed with the family that is my rock of support. my husband and son are here today. thank you. [applause] arizona's leaders arrive at the place each year with the same charge. to foster for citizens the sacred principle of opportunity and freedom. we're here on a mission of possibility. possibility that runs strong
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from our heritage. deep within our land. and above all, deep within ourself. we have celebrated all of the achievement of arizona's first 100 years. and we were reminderred at that time of arizona's five cs. copper, cattle, cotton, citrus, and climate. i'm here to tell you that our second set will hinge on another c. competition. that's the clear answer when i reflect upon what i have learned these past four years. and what has changed across the three decades since i first sat in this chamber. today arizona must compete for the most descriecial job of our citizens, the finest teachers in our school, the most talented student and faculty in the
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university and each of our citizens must like wise compete to earn a living, build a future, and raise a family in the safe and healthy environment. they face threats that once did not exist and we at the capitol have better make sure we are helping them. not hurting them in their efforts. [applause] together we make great strides in the last four years to improve arizona's competitive position. we face the hardest of times but sustain and strengthen state government through the downturn. per capita, arizona has the second number of state employees of all states. [applause]
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reformed our personnel system they will have a -- motivated by performance and accountable. [applause] we have passed meaningful reform to pass our education system and expand school choice. we limited regulation and enacted the a largest and most tax cut in the state history. unlike our friends in washington, d.c. [applause] and we even accomplished something novel and rare in politics. we kept our word. in 2010, we asked the people to increase their own taxes and promised them it would be temporary. that promise will be kept when proposition 100 sales taxes inpyres in may -- expires in
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may. [applause] not long ago, we were facing the worse housing collapse in our history. the downturn and that cost us more than -- 300,000 jobs and we were bogged down bay $3 million deficit. our housing market on the mend. recovery faster in metro phoenix than anywhere in america. we are adding jobs nearly 23,000 in november alone. in fact, arizona ranks fifth in the nation for job growth during 2012. [applause] the cost of index recently declared arizona the country's premier place for entrepreneur. our intunlt balanced and we set aside $4 50 million in the state rainy day fund for the next time
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crisis strikes. [applause] and crime and violation in arizona continues to trend downward. arizona begans have reduced crime by punishing criminals and not by infringing on the rights of law-abiding gun owners. [applause] yes, our state is getting stronger. and i am confident that arizona's light of opportunity will shine as bright as the arizona sub in the years to come. now i understand it was a little game being played last month called where in the world is jan brewer? i heard the rumors and no, i wasn't hiking the appalachian trail. [laughter] in fact, i was humbled at the
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united states military gave me an opportunity to visit our heroes in uniform living and working a world away. when station in kuwait lived on a base in afghanistan or recuperating from injuries at the military hospital. the brave me and women i met shared a singular, love of our country and clarity of purpose. please join me in honoring their services and sack ties. -- sacrifice. [applause] [applause] of course, while our social security members are away -- servicemembers are away, their families serve too whether a spouse left behind doing double
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duty as parent and provider or child waiting and wondering until mom or dad comes home safely. none of it is easy. that's why i'm so pleased to introduce daniel and her two boys nicholas and jet. daniel's husband is staff sarnt of sergeant of the arizona national guard. i met him while he was on the second deployment to southern afghanistan. where he's still serving today. daniel, nicholas, and jet, please stand so we can thank you for the sacrifice made by every military family. we are forever in your debt. [applause]
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[applause] as we meet the challenges facing our state, let's remember those who have given their lives and those that put their lives online every day for the freedom and liberty we cherish. let's honor their sec face by giving the best of other every day in our service. we can start by taking action on behalf of some of arizona's most vulnerable. arizona's abused and neglected children. in 2011, i convenessed a child safety task force lead by the des directer and maricopa county attorney bill montgomery. many of that panel's recommendations have now been adopted including the creation of a special unit of law enforcement deference focused on investigating the worst cases of
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child abuse and neglect. that unit is lead by gregory mckay, a veteran homicide detective and investigator of crimes against children with the phoenix police department. i'm grateful to the phoenix police department for working with us on the critical mission and to greg for lending his time and talents. greg, please stand so we may thank you. [applause] now we have improved operations at child protective services by overhauling the hotline system of the most urgent call directed for faster response by streamlining the hiring process to ensure every available caseworker position is filled, and by cutting paperwork burden so caseworkers spend more time checking up on children.
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despite these efforts, there could be no doubt our system of child safety is under pressure. arizona's abused and neglected children need help. the executive budget i released friday will add 150cvs caseworkers and boost foster care, adoption services, and emergency placement of children needing rescue. because these needs can't wait. i'm asking you to join me in approving an emergency budget request to hire fifty additional caseworkers right now. [applause] let come together for the safety of our children. we cannot strike evil from the heart of those who have would
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harm and innocent child but the common sense steps will help at-risk children get the assistance they need before it's too late. these past four years we have tackled hard questions and faced moral challenges. my friend, this too is a moral issue. an arizona must protect children. [applause] there's no limit to what we can accomplish when we work in cooperation toward a common goal. look at arizona's economic and fiscal turn around. it's no surprise we in arizona have created a model of recovery. very different in that pursuit by the administration in washington, d.c. where they have spent, we have saved. where they have private industry with excessive rule and regulation we marshalled the power of the free market.
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we do this because we know as president reagan once said, and i quote, no power of government ises a formable a force for good as the creativity and entrepreneurial drive of the american people. end of quote. [applause] in this new economy, talent is king. creativity is a new -- capital and competition is worldwide. the arizona commerges authority will continue to lead our job attraction effort, world class employers like intel, amazon, and silicon valley bank have chosen to locate or expand in arizona due in part to the fine work of the aca and the robust business environment we provide. [applause]
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half way through the fiscal year, the commerce authority have already helped deliver more than $680 million in capital investment and 6,000 jobs. [applause] while we lower the barrier of business growth keeping regulations lean and taxes competitive, it's clear we have another problem. our own sales tax system. sales taxes is the most critical source of revenue for four state programs. our sales tax code is also one of the most complicated in the nation. it's an accountant's dream but a business owner's nightmare. arizona's local and state government have created a tax system with so many twists and turns we make it difficult for businesses to simply pay what they owe. for business owners serving customers customers in multiple
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cities with multiple license requirements, moment. tax returns and multiple audit complients can be nearly impossible. take linda stanfield, owner of ben franklin plumbing. she serves customers all over the valley. she deals with a sircht tax code in every city she does business. she was willing to lend her time when i convenessed a task force of many people to offer recommendations on how we can simplify our tax system. she is part of the arizona legend of small business owners who make up the backbone of our economy. linda is here today, linda, please stand. i know we are grateful for your tireless efforts. [applause]
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but we must do than simply thank our small business owner. we can deposit a concrete step outlined by linda and senate majority leader and other member of the specific task force. steps that will simplify our sales tax code, remove one more barrier to economic growth and makes even more competitive. what we take these important steps to boost our economy, we can't forget the most fundamental and lasting key arizona's competitiveness. our schools. first, we have a responsibility to make certain our children have a safe place to learn. the massacre of sandy hook elementary school was unimaginable. our job now is to take common sense steps that lessen the likelihood of a similar tragedy striking arizona. while resisting the urge to turn
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a school in to a fortress. [applause] part of the solution is something that already has track record of success. the school resource officer. my budget plan will expand these fundings for these trained officers. let's come together for the safety of our schools. allowing our teachers and children to focus on what is most important, learning. [applause] we have already ejected competition in to our education system and arizona's growing charter school sector has produced several of the top performing model in the nation. this remains a state where one in four third graders can't read at grade level.
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and one in four students drops out of high school before graduation. it's no coincidence those numbers are the same. research tells us that early reading proficiency is one of the strongest predictors of later educational success. that's why i'm so proud the arizona legislature joined me last year in funding the move on with reading program. beginning now, schools across arizona must develop comprehensive reading assessment to identify students falling behind. with a help of a state, local schools will connect students with reading experts. we know that reading proficiency starts at home. we must don't encourage parents to fulfill the basic privilege and duty. working with parents and schools let's help ensure today's struggling young reader doesn't become tomorrow's dropout.
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[applause] to enable our schools to keep pace with global competition we're raising standards and increasing accountability for schools, stools -- schools and teachers. everyone knows global competition for jobs has changed. our schools must keep pace. our new common standards are benchmark to the top education measures in the world. arizona schools are doing the job we'll know about. and so will the participants. -- parent. of course, it's not enough to install a new curriculum, raise standards, and hope for the best. i'm committed to helping schools and teachers make this transition a success. you will see that reflected in the details budget i released friday. and that brings us to school funding.
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whatever your point of view, we should agree it's time we start funding the academic result we want to see. what i'm proposing is the nation's first comprehensive performance funding plan for the districts and charter schools. this will reward schools that make high remarkets. i'm not talking about attendance rather, this will augment that system with innovative approach to promoting school performance while maintaining legal controls. [applause] ..
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>> that is why i
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>> this amounts to a hidden tax estimated at nearly $2000 per family. as i weighed this position, i was troubled. i was troubled by the possibility that a future president and congress is making steps to reduce these rates. leading to greater share of health costs over time. and i worry that any expansion
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of medicaid, no matter the federal subsidy, could result in costs that the state can afford. together with my team, i have crafted a plan to address both of those concerns and safeguard arizona. first, any expansion of our medicaid program will include a circuit breaker. especially if federal reimbursement rates decrease. i will not allow obamacare to become a vegan switch. [applause] second, we will allow hospitals and health providers to assess a fee upon themselves using that revenue for federal assistance. this is already done in 47 states.
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and it is also going on and is under consideration in other cities across arizona. we can assure that there is no cost when extending medicaid. [applause] this doesn't mean that it's free money. we know that there is no such thing. i am as much of a federal deficit hawk as anyone in this chamber. access is not the problem. it is in fact, part of the solution as the nationally recognized gold standard for cost effective managed care in this country. i will be releasing more details about my plan in the days ahead.
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weighing the evidence and doing the math, the realities facing us and taking advantage of this federal assistance is a strategic way to reduce medicaid pressure on the state's budget. we can prevent health care expenses from eroding such as health care and public safety improving arizona's ability to participate in the years ahead. [applause] i am committed to doing this, and i want you on my side. let's work together in an atmosphere and do what is best for arizona. [applause] with all of the subjects that we tackle at the capitol, we must recall the facts and figures and
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how they never tell the whole story. for that, we must go back to the people that we serve. we use our available resources and encourage innovation and craftsmanship. there is someone special i would like for you to me today. her name is shelby, and she is 12 years old. it wasn't long ago that she would've needed a wheelchair to be recognized. for nearly her entire life, she was a prisoner to a very rare and unknown or logical disorder. it prevented her from speaking. she could not hold up her head. she had trouble eating and breathing. her case let the doctors stumped. then she sought researchers write here in arizona. they're the researchers helped
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and identify the cost of the element are prescribe a treatment plan. the result was shelby is with us today. we stand so that we can applaud you and your courage. [applause] [applause] i have been in the public way for a long time. you know that i speak my mind and i do what i think is right, a lot like arizona itself. our state has never not had
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tough decisions. we we've been a national leader he comes from everything from scheduling to purchasing and helping others live up to their responsibilities. when it comes to management, i'd like arizona to set her own course as much as possible. today i had issued an executive order establishing the arizona national resource review council. this council is tasked with creating a plan to protect and maintain the value to sustain yield and create public access and economic development on federal land. [applause] i am calling upon the local government and the private sector to join with the state to meet this long-term vision. more than 30 million acres across our state are already
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under federal control. the council's plans are one way we can protect arizona's interest on federal land. arizona knows best how to manage their own lands and natural resources. [applause] of course, we cannot discuss arizona's relationship with the federal government without mentioning mexico and our shared border. i have heard the earnest call for immigration reform and i agree that our nation system is broken and has been for decades. two performers, i say demonstrate your commitment to secure the borders and make that your first priorities are in. [applause]
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after so many broken promises, we need to hold the federal government to account. once our border is secure, we will reform our nation's immigration system. it must, once again, combine the rule of law and human compassion. providing safety for citizens and facilitating our economic relationship with mexico and arizona workers you are. the borders haverty been secured in the unicenter. the steep decline is proof that our border can be secured in the federal government has the right mix of manpower and technology. [applause]
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now i asked the president to secure the tucson sector border earlier promise to the american people. i will make it online. in the meantime, because i can never shy away from taking actions to protect our state, i will issue an executive order establishing a task force against human trafficking. this is truly a crime against humanity. a modern-day slavery in which men and women and children are sold for prosecution. mccain has been a leading voice in the fight against human trafficking. herman is with us today and i look forward to working with the
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legislators to combat this problem by not. >> finally, for those and others who have been added for at it for years, there are so many with us today who have been an inspiration. some of his contributions to the state will be felt for generations to come. i'm speaking, of course, about the united states senator jon kyl. he is the rarest of creatures in washington. someone who has walked away with his own free will and without filling in the door. he is behind a lasting model of quiet dignity, grace, and something those of us call horsemanship.
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i know that he wasn't feeling well and had to leave, but let's stand for him so that we can thank him for his noble service. as we gather this legislative session, let us put the best interests of arizona above all. because that is what we are called to do. arizona's challenges are great, but not greater than our capacity to meet them. this is arizona's legacy areas we were the last of the continental states carved from a rugged country of territorial landscape equally harsh and beautiful. and arizona truly intends to compete, we should study the
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meaning of the word. it may surprise you with the world compete is of the latin root and it means to be together. or our forefathers have a shared purpose and common cause and we can concede this through the same spirit. let us leave a legacy of our own as we make difficult decisions by keeping arizona on the path to prosperity. it is a legacy that will be worthy of this wonderful place that will, and i am thankful that you're all here with me now to do the people's work in this time and in this place. this is when i first entered this hammer three decades ago i am filled with optimism and it's the kind that comes with knowing
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that our cause is just and our course is true i know that arizona's best days are yet to come. god bless the great state of arizona. [applause] the members of the joint committee are together. thank you. on tuesday c-span continues its coverage of the state address with kansas governor sam
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brownback. live coverage from the statehouse in topeka starting at 7:30 p.m. eastern here on c-span2. next monday have a front row seat with president barack obama. watch the public inaugural ceremony, including the swearing-in and other festivities, including the luncheon at the capitol and the inaugural parade. plus we will take your comments and feedback on facebook and twitter. live coverage starts on c-span radio and c-span.org. tonight, ben bernanke discusses the economy at the university of michigan. in the house committee meets to discuss the funding legislation. later, the bipartisan policy center on a talk to talk about options of dealing with the debt
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ceiling check out c-span studentcam 2013 video documentary competition. the deadline is friday january 28. the grand prize is $5000. >> i welcome all of you here today. on behalf of the gerald ford school of public policy, university of michigan is honored to welcome the honorable ben bernanke, chairman of the board of governors. today's conversation is in a series of distinguished lectures at the school.
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we are pleased to produce today's events and to have have president mary sue coleman with us. i would like to welcome all of them and thank them for joining us today. it is an honor and truly a personal pleasure for me to introduce our special guest. the charge is to promote a healthy economy and a complex and critically important mission. german ben bernanke was first appointed as the chair in 2006 and he has served in that role during the most challenging time for monetary and financial
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policy since the great depression. the financial crisis, the great recession, slow recovery with the evolving global challenges and very contentious dealings between congress and the administration including the fiscal policy. chairman ben bernanke was uniquely prepared for this extremely complicated role. at the highly respected harvard university, he taught for joining our faculty. he had are disturbed as a federal governor and chair of the president of council of economic advisers. he is renowned for his research on policy during the great depression and how the fed could have handled things better. in the year 2000 he wrote a paper called a crash course of central bankers. he has a deep and long-standing commitment and i know he recently took time out to do a
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town hall meeting for k-12 teachers. so i am pleased today to join us in the audience is an advanced placement economics class from chelsea high school. we are delighted to have you with us. for the first portion of our time, doctor bernanke will join me here in a conversation about a number of economic issues. he is basically agreed to take questions from the audience and so at around 430, our staff will be coming to collect question cards from you and those of you who are watching online or those of you in the audience are welcome to send your questions to us as well using as a hash tag for school ben bernanke. it is my great pleasure and
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honor to welcome to the stage german ben bernanke. [applause] >> we can fully get started. i wanted to take a minute to remember a teacher who taught here at the university of michigan. [applause] for more than 20 years and he wrote a book here at the public policy school. he was a terrific colleague, one of the first people who figure out the subprime issue, as you probably know, it's a great loss that he passed a few years ago and i just wanted to say that. and i just wanted to thank you for inviting me here to
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michigan. >> we are delighted to have you here. also for your roles and we are delighted to have you recognize that as well. perhaps a great place for us to start our conversation is with something that i'm sure many in our audience have been paying close attention to in recent weeks, and that is the fiscal cliff. i actually believe that that is the term that you are credited with popularizing last february. he stressed that uncertainty about fiscal policy is one of the real concerns that a slowing economic growth. well, a deal was struck recently. what are your use of the outcome? >> when you think about this fiscal policy, there are a lot of issues. but i think the two big issues right now we need to think about, first is the long-run sustainability of our debt. the cbo, lot of experts have
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shown that if there is no change over the next couple of decades, the deficit will rise. debt to gdp ratios will rise and our debt will become unsustainable. it is a very important objective to find a plan to bring the federal budget under control next few decades. the second issue, which in some ways is contradictory to the first comment is that as you know, we are still in a relatively fragile recovery. and we want to avoid taking fiscal actions that will push the economy back into the recession. and that was one of the risks that the fiscal cliff posed that if tax increases and spending cuts of that size were to occur in the short run, the cbo and others estimated that unemployment would rise and they might end up back in a recession. the challenge is to achieve sustainability without unduly
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hampering of the recovery, which we have. the deal was struck together with previous work in 2011 that involves and spending cuts made some progress in both of these goals on long-run sustainability. we have seen some movement toward stability and the debt to gdp ratio. in the short run, the fiscal cliff deal, it eliminated a good bit of the respective components of the fiscal policy that would've had such egregious effects. not completely, but at least a good start. so there was a bit of progress
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on both of these two goals. i should hasten to say that we are approaching a number of other critical watersheds coming out. we have the funding of the government and the so-called sequester, which is a set of automatic spending cuts that were the wave by two months as part of the fiscal cliff arrangement, and we had the infamous debt ceiling, which will come and play. so we will be seeing a lot of activity in the next few months, debates about the appropriate types of governments and the size of the deficit and a lot of back-and-forth over these issues. without going into all the different ramifications, i would like to say one word about the debt ceiling, which is not